is a Sacrament?
Sacrament is a visible act performed by a minister of the Church by
which an invisible grace is given to our souls.
Sacraments always give grace?
the Sacraments always give grace to those who receive them worthily.
we have a great desire to receive the Sacraments?
should have a great desire to receive the Sacraments because they are
the chief means of our salvation.
many Sacraments are there?
are seven Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Penance,
Ordination, Matrimony, and Prayers over the sick.
is a Sacrament, which cleanses us from
original sin and gives our soul the new life of sanctifying grace.
other graces does Baptism give us?
Baptism we become Christians, i.e. children of God, members of the
Church, and heirs of heaven.
Baptism absolutely necessary for salvation?
Baptism is absolutely necessary for salvation because Christ has said:
‘Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Spirit, he cannot
enter into the kingdom of God.’
the minister of Baptism?
minister of Baptism is the priest.
is performed by immersing the child into the water three times, giving
the name, and saying at the same time, ‘This servant of God is baptized
in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
the child immersed into the water three times?
child is immersed three times in memory of Our Lord’s remaining in the
tomb for three days.
soon should a child be baptized?
should be baptized as soon as possible after a week of his/her birth.
sin do parents commit who put off for a long time, or entirely neglect,
the baptism of their children?
who put off for a long time, or entirely neglect the baptism of their
children commit a very grievous sin because they deprive the child of
the grace of baptism and endanger his/her right to eternal life. The
Church does not bury those who die without being baptized.
baptism be repeated?
baptism cannot be repeated if performed by a lawful minister of the
Church and in the right way.
kind of name should be given a child at baptism?
given name is not a Saint’s name, it is advisable that a Saint’s name also be given as a second name.
is a godfather?
godfather is a Christian man who sponsors the child for membership in
the Church at the baptism.
is the function of the godfather?
function of the godfather is to hold the child in his arms and act as a
spokesman for him at the baptism.
non-Armenian Church member be a godfather at the baptism of an Armenian
godfather at an Armenian Baptism must be a member of the Armenian
Apostolic Church because he is sponsoring the child to become a member
of the Armenian Apostolic Church. You cannot sponsor someone to become
a member of a certain society unless you are a member of it.
does the child promise through his godfather at baptism?
The child promises through His godfather at
baptism to renounce the devil and all his works, and to live according
to the teachings of Christ and His Church.
- What does the child ask at baptism through his godfather?
child asks for faith, hope, love, and baptism.
-What is the duty of a godfather after baptism?
duty of a godfather after baptism is to see that the child is brought
up as a good Christian and a good Church member is, cooperation with
should be chosen as godfather at baptism?
those members of the Church who know their faith and live up to the
duties of their religion should be chosen as godfather for baptism.
is a Sacrament by which we receive the Holy Spirit in order to make us
strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ.
does Confirmation take place?
takes place immediately after Baptism.
-How is Confirmation administered?
is administered by anointing with Holy Chrism (Myron) the nine parts of
the body, saying a special prayer for each part.
are the nine parts of the body of the newly baptized child that are
anointed at Confirmation?
are the forehead, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, hands, heart, back and feet.
is Holy Chrism (Myron)?
Chrism is a mixture of olive oil and essence of forty three kinds of
fragrant flowers, balms, and various kinds of incense.
consecrates the Holy Chrism?
Holiness the Catholicos alone consecrates the Holy Chrism in an elaborate and sacred ceremony
assisted by the bishops and priests of the Church.
is the Sacrament of To Repent?
is the Sacrament whereby the sins, which we have committed after
Baptism are forgiven.
did Our Lord institute the Sacrament of To Repent?
Lord instituted the Sacrament of To Repent when He breathed on His
Apostles and gave them power to forgive sins, saying: “Whose sins you
shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall
retain, they are retained.” This power was given by Christ to His
Apostles and through them to their successors, the bishops and thereby
the priests of the Church.
disobedience to the commandments of God.
temptation a sin?
temptation is not a sin, if the act to which we are tempted is not committed.
a sin committed?
is committed by thought, by word, and by deed.
many kinds of sin are there?
are two kinds of sin: Mortal sin and Venial sin.
should the penitent do to receive Forgiveness?
conditions are required on the part of the penitent to receive
forgiveness: Contrition, confession, and doing penance.
is a sincere sorrow for our sins, together with a firm purpose to sin
may we have a firm purpose to sin no more?
have a firm purpose to sin no more by avoiding not only sin itself, but
also the dangerous occasions of sin.
-How can we obtain a sincere sorrow for our sins?
obtain a sincere sorrow for our sins by earnestly praying for it, and
by reminding ourselves that by our sins we have offended God, Who is
infinity good to us.
-What consideration, concerning Our Savior
will lead us to sorrow for our sins?
consider that Our Savior died for our sins and that by sinning
grievously we crucify Him again.
is to accuse ourselves of our sins before a priest for the purpose of
obtaining forgiveness from God.
-How can we make a good
make a good confession by:
humble and sincere.
heartily for the grace to wake a good confession.
carefully our conscience.
time to make a good act of contrition.
by the help of God to renounce out sins and to begin a new life for the future.
what manner must we make our confession to the priest?
go to the Church; kneel before the priest in the presence of God; make
the sign of the Cross saying: “In the name of the Father, and of the
Son, and of the Holy Spirit”. Then recite “Our Father” and then say: “I
have sinned against the all Holy Trinity, the Father, the Son, and the
Holy Spirit. I confess before God, and before the Holy Mother of God
and before all the Saints and before thee, father, all the sins, which
I have committed. For I have sinned in thought, word, and deed,
willingly and unwillingly, knowingly and unknowingly, I have sinned
against God.” Then we mention whatever sin we may have committed and
tell our priest about any problem weighing on our conscience; and
finally ask him for Absolution.
do we mean by doing penance?
to carry out the obligations imposed upon us by the priest.
we have to do a penance after our confession?
to do a penance after our confession so that we may make some
reparation to God for our sins, and that we may receive help to avoid
them in the future.
must we do in addition to the penance imposed on us by the priest or
when he does not impose any Penance?
acts of charity.
our social works to the Church.
the Holy Bible and other religious books.
more time for private prayers and Church attendance.
ourselves of some particular pleasures we especially like,
our hardships and sufferings patiently.
the days of abstinence.
-What is a
day of abstinence?
of abstinence is a day on which we are not allowed the
use of meat, dairy products and eggs.
are the days of abstinence?
days of abstinence are:
Wednesdays and Fridays of the year except those falling in the period
between Easter and Ascension day.
of Lent and Holy Week.
preceding certain great holy days.
does the Church command also abstain?
Church commands us to abstain so that we may mortify the flesh and
satisfy God for our sins.
a duty to
contribute to the support of our Church?
is a duty to contribute to the support of our Church according to our
means, so that God may be duly honored and worshipped and the Kingdom
of His Church advanced.
the minister of penance?
minister of penance is the priest.
-How does the priest forgive sins?
priest forgives sins in the name of God, when he pronounces the words
-What is absolution?
is a pronouncement made by the priest in the name of Jesus Christ for
the forgiveness of the sins of the penitent.
-How should we ask absolution from the priest?
confessing our sins and receiving the instructions of the priest, we
must say: “Reverend Father, I hold thee as my reconciler and
intercessor with the only begotten Son of God, that by the power given
thee, thou wilt release me of the bond of my sins, I pray thee.”
are the words of absolution said by the priest?
words of absolution said by the priest are: “May God, the lover of man, have mercy upon thee
and grant thee forgiveness of all thy sins, both those which thou hast
confessed and those which thou hast forgotten. Therefore, with the
priestly authority, and by Divine command that whatsoever you loose on
earth shall be loosed in heaven, I absolve thee of all participation in
sin committed in thought, in word, and in deed, in the name of the
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, and I re-instate thee
in the Sacraments of the Holy Church, that whatsoever good thou mayest
do, may he accounted to thee for good and for the glory in the life to
is Holy Communion?
Communion is the Sacrament, in which we receive, under the appearance
of bread and wine, the true Body and Blood of our Lord,
-Who instituted Holy Communion?
instituted Holy Communion at the Last Supper the night before He died.
-how did Christ institute
instituted Holy Communion in this way:
He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it
to His Apostles, saying: “Take and eat, THIS IS MY
BODY”: then He took a cup of
wine, blessed it, and giving it to them said: “Drink ye all of this;
THIS IS MY BLOOD OF THE NEW COVENANT which is being shed for many unto the forgiveness of sins;” finally He gave His
Apostles the commission: “Do this in
remembrance of Me.”
did Christ, mean when He said ‘Do this in remembrance of Me’?
Christ said: “Do this in remembrance of Me,” He gave to the Apostles
the order to do this sacred ritual as a
memorial of His passion and death, suffered for the salvation of
-How are the bread and wine changed into the Body and Blood of
wine and bread are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit, to whom, all things
Holy Communion a Sacrament only?
Communion is not a Sacrament only, it is also a sacrifice as the
Armenian word ‘Badarak” describes it.
is sacrifice or Badarak?
sacrifice is the offering of a victim by a priest to God. In this Holy
Sacrifice Christ, through the ministry of the priest, offers Himself to
God under the elements of bread and wine.
-What is this sacred act
This sacred act is called Divine Liturgy or Holy
Divine Liturgy one and the same sacrifice with that of the Cross?
Divine Liturgy is the same sacrifice as that which Christ Himself
offered on the Cross to His heavenly Father.
what purpose is this sacrifice or the Divine Liturgy offered?
sacrifice is offered
memorial of the Passion and Death of our Lord.
the justice of God for the sins committed against
united with Jesus Christ, the source of our spiritual life.
thank Him for all His benefits to us.
obtain all other graces and blessings through Jesus Christ
must we attend the Divine liturgy
attend the Divine Liturgy with reverence, with attention and with
is necessary to receive Holy Communion worthily?
receive Holy Communion worthily it is necessary to have:
to confession and receive the absolution of the priest.
fasting for at least six hours or from midnight before partaking of
Holy Communion unless, for reasons of health, one has obtained
permission from his priest to take medicine or light nourishment.
a sin to
receive Holy Communion, without confession?
Yes, it is a great sin to receive Holy Communion without
confession as St. Paul said, “He that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks judgment to himself.”
-How should we prepare ourselves for Holy
should prepare ourselves for Holy Communion by:
of our Divine Redeemer. Jesus Christ, Whom we are about to receive into
our conscience to recall to our mind all the sins we have committed
since our last confession.
reconciliation with those of our fellow men with whom we are not on
is Holy Communion received?
Communion is received during the Divine Liturgy immediately after the “Der
Voghormia” (Lord Have Mercy) and “Chrisdos badarakial” (Christ is
Sacrificed) are sung by the choir and the curtain is withdrawn.
should we do
after Holy Communion?
Holy Communion we must spend some time in prayer, thanking Our Lord for
the grace we have received, renewing our promises of love and
obedience to him, and asking Him for blessings for ourselves, our
families, our community and our Church in general.
often are we to receive Holy Communion?
instructed to receive Holy Communion:
least on five greater Holy Days of the Church, Christmas, Easter,
Transfiguration (Vartavar), Assumption (St. Marys Day), Exaltation of
the Holy Cross.
often as we can; without fail at Easter and Christmas time.
entering a hospital during an illness.
in need of strengthening ourselves spiritually.
Holy Communion administered?
Communion is administered in both kinds; the priest puts a small
portion of the Holy Body (consecrated bread) dipped in the Precious
Blood (consecrated wine), into the month of the person communicating.
are small babies given Holy Communion?
priest simply touches the lips of the small babies with his finger, which has previously been dipped in the Precious Blood
(consecrated wine). ‘This is
called Communion by lips.
is the Sacrament of Matrimony?
is the Sacrament by which the Church consecrated the union of a man and
a woman, for life in a lawful marriage.
instituted the Sacrament of Matrimony?
instituted the Sacrament of Matrimony by creating Adam and Eve and by
uniting them in marriage.
special grace does the Sacrament of Matrimony bestow upon those who
receive it worthily?
Sacrament of Matrimony’ gives to those who receive it worthily a special grace to:
them, a unit in the kingdom of God,
them instruments of the increase of the family of God, i.e. His Holy
them strength to perform parental duties.
are some of the parental duties?
the parental duties are:
bring up their children in the fear of God
love and be faithful to one another.
bear patiently the difficulties of their state.
has the authority to perform, the Sacrament of marriage?
those who have the priestly order have the authority to perform the
Sacrament of marriage.
are the principal requirements of the Church for a lawful marriage?
of proper age.
in good health.
to be of close kinship.
have mutual agreement.
have a witness at the marriage (best man). This witness should be
preferably of our faith, at least a Christian.
of the same faith.
should a good Church member do to prepare for a holy and happy marriage?
prepare for a holy and happy marriage, a good Church member should:
1.Pray that God may direct his/her choice.
the advice of the parents and the priest.
the moral virtues, especially temperance and chastity.
attend the Church and frequently receive Holy Communion. It is an
obligation for the man and woman to receive Holy Communion a few days
before the marriage ceremony.
is the sixth commandment of the Church?
sixth commandment of the Church is not to marry within certain degrees
of kinship, nor to solemnize marriage at the forbidden times.
are the times on which the Church forbids to solemnize marriage?
times in which it is forbidden to marry without special
Week and the week after Easter.
days of abstinence..
are the certain degrees of kinship within which we are forbidden to marry?
forbidden to marry with a first cousin or any relative closer than a
the Church encourage mixed marriage, outside of our faith?
Church does not encourage mixed marriages because they often bring
about family discords, indifferentism, and neglect of the proper
religious training of the children in our faith.
is the Sacrament through which men receive the power and the grace to
perform the sacred duties of priests, bishops, and other ministers of
are some of the requirements to receive Holy Orders worthily?
receive Holy Orders worthily it is necessary to:
a calling for the ministry and be of excellent character.
the prescribed age, learning, and physical perfection.
the sincere intention to devote his life to the sacred ministry and be
free from selfish motives.
are the chief powers of the priest?
chief powers of the priest are:
perform the Divine offices and all the rituals of the Church, except
the consecration of a Church.
preach the word of God.
3.To administer all the other Sacraments except
govern his parish according to the canons of the Church.
the office of a priest honorable?
office of a priest is honorable because he is a consecrated person; he
administers the holy mysteries of the Church; he has devoted his whole
life for the good of the Church.
is an ordained person called?
ordained person is called a minister of God.
the minister of the Sacrament of Ordination?
bishop is the minister of the Sacrament of Ordination.
are the main Holy Orders in the Armenian Church?
main Holy Orders or ranks in the Armenian Church are Clerk (Chorister),
Deacon, Priest, Vartabed, Bishop, Patriarch, and Catholicos.
power given to the ministers of the Church?
power is given to all ministers of the Church by the imposition of
hands; however, a priest, a bishop, and the Catholicos are, in
addition, consecrated by the anointment of Holy Myron.
is this Sacrament administered?
Sacrament is administered when the sick one is in great pain and in
need of comfort and healing.
this Sacrament administered?
Sacrament is administered by reading the Gospel and other prayers
prescribed for the occasion, by hearing the confession of the sick
person, and by giving Holy Communion.
other ceremony accompanied these prayers in the earlier days of the
earlier days of the Church the priest used to anoint certain parts of
the body of the sick with the Holy Chrism (Myron). From this ceremony
the Sacrament derived the name of Last Anointment or Extreme Unction.
is it advisable to call the priest to visit the sick?
advisable to call the priest to visit the sick in any serious illness
even though there be no apparent danger of death, as it is the duty of
the priest to visit the sick and to administer to his spiritual needs.